DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.35273/jec.2021.11.1.004
The employability of college students has always been a hot topic in academic circles at home and abroad. Through combing and integrating the existing academic achievements at home and abroad, this study clarifies and shows the constituent elements and structural dimensions of College Students' employability. Because the level classification of college students in higher education involves four groups: Higher Vocational College, undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral students, their employability will also have different degrees of differences. In this study, vocational college graduates as the research object, using the literature, questionnaire survey and SPSS, Amos statistical analysis, explore and construct a structural model of Vocational College Graduates' employability. The model is a five-dimensional structure composed of "self characteristics, knowledge and skills, problem-solving ability, career adaptability and career development ability," including 23 competency characteristics. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and second-order factor analysis of 451 valid questionnaires can verify the model. According to vocational college graduates' different individual characteristics, the independent sample t-test or variance analysis method analyzes and compares the differences from 5 aspects: Gender, Registered residence, Political affiliation, Student leader experience, and Professional type. Political affiliation, gender, Student leader experience, and Professional type have significant differences in employability. There is no significant difference in the location of registered residence. This study further clarifies the structural characteristics of Higher Vocational College Graduates' employability, enriches the theoretical research of College Students' employability, and positively contributes to the in-depth understanding of employability's complex structure. At the same time, it provides useful guidance for the supply-side reform of university talent training, optimizing the cultivation of College Students' employability, and promoting the matching of supply and demand of College Students' employment.
Key words：Vocational College, college graduates, employment, employability.
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